Bolivar

PEOPLE

Duncan Gray

Duncan Gray used his position as Episcopal priest to champion civil rights causes. Duncan Gray was the priest in Cleveland when the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education was issued. He openly stated from the pulpit that segregation was "un-Christian."

Gray would later go on to fame as the Chaplain to Episcopal students of Ole Miss when James Meredith integrated the university. Gray was on the steps of the Lyceum urging calm and tolerance on the night of Meredith's enrollment and the ensuing riot.

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PLACES

Mound Bayou

Mound Bayou, Mississippi, was founded in 1887 by ex-slaves Isaiah Montgomery and Benjamin Green. Mound Bayou was one of the first all black settlements in the United States. Mound Bayou is important because it provided a place for blacks to live without fear of segregation or oppression. In Mound Bayou, blacks could be doctors, lawyers, or school superintendents. In the rest of the Delta, the only chance most blacks had for employment was manual labor, or other unskilled tasks. As such, Mound Bayou was called "the jewel of the Delta."Medgar Evers moved to Mound Bayou and worked there after college selling insurance door-to-door. It was Evers' experience of walking door-to-door and seeing the absolute poverty blacks were subjected to in the region that inspired Evers to do civil rights work.

Sources:

http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/mound-bayou-1887

http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/evers_medgar/

http://www.moundbayou.org

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EVENTS

Gong Lum v. Rice

(1927) Gong Lum v. Rice was the case arising from a suit filed by a Chinese-American immigrant attempting to enroll in an all-white school in Rosedale. Martha Lum, the nine year old student filing suit, attempted to enroll in Rosedale Consolidated School in 1927. The Court upheld the precedent of Plessy v. Ferguson by ruling that Rosedale Consolidated School had a constitutional right to maintain a “separate but equal”school system. Gong Lum v. Rice was an important case in establishing “separate but equal”for all races, not just black and white. Segregation was ruled unconstitutional with Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

Sources:

http://www.brownat50.org/brownCases/PreBrownCases/GongLumvRice1927.html

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http://mscivilrightsproject.org/tag/test/

DOCUMENTS

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