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Mound Bayou

Mound Bayou, Mississippi, was founded in 1887 by ex-slaves Isaiah Montgomery and Benjamin Green. Mound Bayou was one of the first all black settlements in the United States. Mound Bayou is important because it provided a place for blacks to live without fear of segregation or oppression. In Mound Bayou, blacks could be doctors, lawyers, […]

Moore, Amzie

Moore was a postal worker as well as a businessman. Moore owned and operated a filling station on Highway 61 that was one of the few gas station blacks traveling from Memphis to Vicksburg could patron without being harassed. In addition to his businesses, Moore also organized the NAACP in Cleveland in 1955 and served […]

Gong Lum v. Rice

(1927) Gong Lum v. Rice was the case arising from a suit filed by a Chinese-American immigrant attempting to enroll in an all-white school in Rosedale. Martha Lum, the nine year old student filing suit, attempted to enroll in Rosedale Consolidated School in 1927. The Court upheld the precedent of Plessy v. Ferguson by ruling […]

Gray, Duncan

Duncan Gray used his position as Episcopal priest to champion civil rights causes. Duncan Gray was the priest in Cleveland when the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education was issued. He openly stated from the pulpit that segregation was “un-Christian.” Gray would later go on to fame as the Chaplain to Episcopal students of […]

Howard, Dr. T.R.M.

Dr. Howard was a physician and prominent businessman in the 1940s and 1950s. Dr. Howard was the chief surgeon at the Knights and Daughters of Tabor Hospital located near Mound Bayou. Dr. Howard also opened the Magnolia Mutual Life Insurance Company in Mound Bayou as a way to provide insurance to poor blacks in the […]

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