Bolivar

PEOPLE

Moore, Amzie

Moore was a postal worker as well as a businessman. Moore owned and operated a filling station on Highway 61 that was one of the few gas station blacks traveling from Memphis to Vicksburg could patron without being harassed.

In addition to his businesses, Moore also organized the NAACP in Cleveland in 1955 and served as its president. Moore also housed SNCC workers and other activists that would come through the area at his home. Moore's home was also used to plan movement operations in the area.

Amzie Moore helped establish the neighborhoods in Cleveland that are known as Eastgate. Eastgate was formerly a huge tract of plantation land that now houses hundreds of black families and is home to East Side High School, Cleveland's majority-black public high school. Moore also helped establish the Head Start Program in Bolivar County.

In 2001, Cleveland named what was once Shady Grove Park "Amzie Moore Park"in honor of the civil rights hero. A marble slab exists with Moore's history on it. See also http://www.fannielouhamer.info/a_moore.

Sources:

Interview with Amzie Moore's son on April 20, 2006.

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PLACES

Mound Bayou

Mound Bayou, Mississippi, was founded in 1887 by ex-slaves Isaiah Montgomery and Benjamin Green. Mound Bayou was one of the first all black settlements in the United States. Mound Bayou is important because it provided a place for blacks to live without fear of segregation or oppression. In Mound Bayou, blacks could be doctors, lawyers, or school superintendents. In the rest of the Delta, the only chance most blacks had for employment was manual labor, or other unskilled tasks. As such, Mound Bayou was called "the jewel of the Delta."Medgar Evers moved to Mound Bayou and worked there after college selling insurance door-to-door. It was Evers' experience of walking door-to-door and seeing the absolute poverty blacks were subjected to in the region that inspired Evers to do civil rights work.

Sources:

http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/mound-bayou-1887

http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/evers_medgar/

http://www.moundbayou.org

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EVENTS

Gong Lum v. Rice

(1927) Gong Lum v. Rice was the case arising from a suit filed by a Chinese-American immigrant attempting to enroll in an all-white school in Rosedale. Martha Lum, the nine year old student filing suit, attempted to enroll in Rosedale Consolidated School in 1927. The Court upheld the precedent of Plessy v. Ferguson by ruling that Rosedale Consolidated School had a constitutional right to maintain a “separate but equal”school system. Gong Lum v. Rice was an important case in establishing “separate but equal”for all races, not just black and white. Segregation was ruled unconstitutional with Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

Sources:

http://www.brownat50.org/brownCases/PreBrownCases/GongLumvRice1927.html

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http://mscivilrightsproject.org/tag/test/

DOCUMENTS

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