Carroll


George, James Zacharian (J.Z.)

One of Carroll County’s most prominent citizens was James Zacharian (J.Z.) George. George fought both in the Mexican War and the Civil War. He practiced law in both Carrollton, Miss., and Jackson. In 1879, he was made a judge on the Mississippi Supreme Court and was immediately elected to be Chief Justice. The following year, […]

Carrollton Courthouse Massacre

(1886) In February of 1886, Ed and Charley Brown, who were both part Indian and part African-American, were delivering molasses when they ran into James Liddell, a white man, spilling molasses on Liddell. A fight ensued in which Lidell and Ed Brown exchanged heated words. Later, Liddell, who was joined by a group of men, […]

Goldsby v. Harpole

(1954) Another concern about the disenfranchisement of African-American citizens was their exclusion from serving on juries. Bryant Nelms and his wife Moselle McCorkle Nelms were shot on September 4, 1954 at Nelms’ gas station and dairy bar near Vaiden, Mississippi. The Nelms, who were both white, were shot by one or more African-Americans firing from […]

Beckwith, Byron De La

Medgar Evers was killed on June 12, 1963, and in 1994, some thirty years later, Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of murdering Evers. Although originally from California, Beckwith bought seventy acres of rural property in Carroll County, Mississippi. Beckwith intended that the property be used as a retreat for himself and his friends in […]

Voter Registration in Carroll

(1960’s) The Voting Rights Act worked to counteract the harsh requirements of Mississippi’s 1890 Constitution. In The Voting Rights Act:the first months, the United States Commission on Civil Rights collected data from selected counties in Mississippi shortly after the Voting Rights Act was passed. The non-white population of voting age in Carroll County was 2,704 […]

Spencer, Elizabeth

Elizabeth Spencer was born in Carrollton, Mississippi on July 19, 1921. In 1953, Spencer went to Italy on a Guggenheim Fellowship. She wrote The Voice at the Back Door while there. Summarizing her novel, Elizabeth Spencer says, “It takes place in a small Mississippi county seat around the late ’40’s and concerns a race for […]

Desegregation in Carroll

(1965) Until 1965, Carroll County maintained separate schools for white students and African-American students. In Carrollton, the white students attended J.Z. George High School, and the African-American students attended Marshall High School. Similarly, in Vaiden, the white students attended Vaiden High School, and the African-American students attended the North Vaiden School (later known as Percy […]