Groups

B.F. Ford School

African American school during segregation. Mattie Thompson School was the white school during segregation.

Black United Front

The Black United Front was a civil rights group operating out of Rankin County, MS, that sent a series of demands to businesses and the city government of Brandon, MS. The demands sent to businesses included proportionate employment of black people and an end to restaurant segregation. The demands sent to the government included demands […]

Coahoma County Federated Council of Organizations (CCFCO)

Coahoma County Federated Council of Organizations (CCFCO) was an “organizing screen” in which people who could not risk NAACP involvement could participate. Source: Crossroads at Clarksdale: The Black Freedom Struggle in the Mississippi Delta after World War II by Francoise Nicole Hamlin

COFO of Panola County

Around forty, volunteers came to Panola County to register black citizens to vote and to set up “freedom schools.”The volunteers were a diverse group including law students, nurses, and ministers. Most of the volunteers stayed just for the summer of 1964. That summer the COFO volunteers and black activists faced harassing threats and prosecutions by […]

Community Center

The original site of many of the voter registration meetings was in the Sanctified Church (presently known as New Jerusalem) prior to being moved to the Community Center. The church also served as the first Head Start center in the county. The church burned down in 1964. A large community center was built on that […]

Emmett Till Memorial Commission

On August 28, 1955, 14-year old Emmett Till was kidnapped in the middle of the night from his uncle’s home near Money, Mississippi, by at least two men, one from LeFlore and one from Tallahatchie County, Mississippi. Till, a black youth from Chicago visiting family in Mississippi, was later murdered, and his body thrown into […]

First Baptist MB Church of Port Gibson

Founded in 1867 by freedmen, First Baptist MB Church moved to this site in 1896. This church played a vital role in the Civil Rights Movement in Port Gibson. Beginning in 1965, the NAACP held meetings here to promote boycotts of local white merchants, who subsequently filed suit. In a landmark ruling in 1982, the […]

Freedom Schools of Sunflower

Besides registering African Americans to vote as part of Freedom Summer in 1964, SNCC also created Freedom Schools in the Delta, which focused on black history, politics, and artistic achievement. The schools educated both children and adults. Moye reports in Let the People Decide that,”[S]chools [were] a means of consciousness-raising . . . An alternative […]

Grenada County Freedom Movement (GCFM)

The Grenada County Freedom Movement, founded in 1966 and affiliated with SCLC, was the primary civil rights organization which led the fight for desegregation and equality in Grenada, MS. Source:http://www.crmvet.org/info/grenada.htm

Hattiesburg Ministers Union Headquarters

This building at 522 Mobile Street (the northeast corner of 6th and Mobile Streets), constructed in 1950 and still standing, housed J.C. Fairley’s Radio and TV Repair business and the Negro Masonic Lodge No. 115 (identified by the cornerstone). While the Freedom House at 507 Mobile Street housed COFO and MFDP headquarters, the building at […]

Laurel Colored Schools

There were four schools for the black children in Laurel known as the Laurel Colored Schools: Kingston/Nora Davis, Sandy Gavin, Southside Elementary and Oak Park High School. The children and teachers would walk to school along the two-mile long sidewalk of Maple Street. Sandy Gavin was Laurel’s first black school to be built of brick […]

MFDP of Attala

In Attala County, the MFDP helped organize movie, restaurant, and other forms of sit-ins during the mid-60s. However, their main focus was voter registration, which helped provide the African American citizens of Attala County with a greater voice. Sources: http://www.ibiblio.org/sncc/mfdp.html

Mississippi Industrial College

Opened in 1905, the college now lies in disrepair. Many of the civil rights leaders attended this school. The school’s objectives were to provide literary and industrial training to black youth, to train young men and women in Christian ideals, and to furnish a practical education. Sources: http://micaai.org/

NAACP of Leflore County

Leflore County was where early local civil rights efforts met the national movement. This collision caused conflict early in the Civil Rights Movement. Payne describes how in the 1950’s, efforts by the black community to start a local chapter of the NAACP failed several times. The local chapter was originally formed in 1952 but went […]

NAACP of Stone

Stone County did have a National Advancement Association of Colored People (NAACP) chapter. The NAACP chapter was located in Wiggins, MS. With all of the crucial civil rights demonstrations going on in Mississippi and surrounding states, the Wiggins chapter was moved to have some demonstrations. At the meetings, the members discussed strategies and how they […]

Natchez Deacons for Defense and Justice

The Natchez Deacons for Defense and Justice was a militant group founded after the attacks on George Metcalf and Wharlest Jackson and other acts of violence against the black community, many of which were perpetrated by the Klan, with the Natchez group considered one of the strongest in the state. A group of men had […]

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