Helen O’Neal-McCray participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. She describes the jail conditions for the Freedom Riders. The video excerpts come from the documentary The Children Shall Lead (link).
Name of Interviewee: Hellen O’Neal McCray
Date: November 10, 2001
Place of Interview: Jackson, MS
|0:00-2:00||Clarksdale, MS; Yellow Springs, OH; Antioch College; Wilberforce College; Catholic School|
|2:00-4:00||Immaculate Conception School in Clarksdale, MS; Holy Rosary Institute, Lafayette, LA; Mississippi Public Schools; Jackson State University|
|4:00-6:00||James Bevel; Bernard Lafayette; Marion Berry; Thomas Gaither; CORE; Mrs. Harvey; Stokely Carmichael; Ruby Doris Smith; Southern Governor’s Conference|
|6:00-8:00||Richard Haley; arrest and arraignment with Freedom Riders; arrest on Greyhound from Jackson to Clarksdale; attys. Constance Motley and Derek Bell|
|8:00-10:00||July, 1961 arrest; sovereignty commission; Jackson City Jail; William Conslar, atty; Hinds County Jail|
|10:00-12:00||Jail cellmates, activities, conditions|
|14:00-16:00||Bob Moses; CORE; SNCC; Jackson State; Literacy Project; Casey Hayden; Doris Derby; taught Freedom School in McComb, MS, 1964; Louisiana|
|16:00-18:00||Experience teaching in Freedom School|
|18:00-20:00||Schwerner, Goodman, Chaney; courage of local people|
|20:00-22:00||Freedom songs, “We’ve Been ‘Buked, We’ve Been Scorned”; influence of participation on her life|
|22:00-24:00||Legacy of movement|
Her oral history may also be viewed here.