Places

Antioch Missionary Baptist Church

The Antioch Missionary Baptist Church outside Blue Mountain was burned on October 30, 1964, a few hours after a rally and voter registration drive for the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party’s “Freedom Vote”at which delegate Fannie Lou Hamer spoke. Civil rights workers planned to use the church as a polling place before it was burned. Worker […]

Canton Multicultural Center and Museum

The Canton Multicultural Center & Museum is a celebration of the diverse cultures and contributions of the citizens of Canton and Madison County to the history of the city, state, and nation. The permanent exhibit focuses on the history, family life, business and community life of African Americans and recounts their struggle for civil rights. […]

Carver High School

Carver High School was the high school for African Americans. The first year the Tupelo schools were integrated the city placed all the tenth graders, black and white, at Carver. Harry Grayson, who was the principal for the African American school, was appointed the principal of Carver. Sources: Interview with Vera Dukes.

Corinth Contraband Camp

After the Union took control of Corinth in 1962, the town became a haven for thousands of runaway slaves who sought freedom and protection. Union General Grenville Dodge enlisted the escaped slaves as teamsters, cooks, laborers, and armed security guards, which led to the formation of the 1st Alabama Infantry Regiment of African Descent with about […]

Forrest County Courthouse

The Forrest County Courthouse was a cite of contention for many Civil Rights Movement activists in Hattiesburg. Although the U.S. Constitution guaranteed American citizens the right to vote, in many areas of the South, local registrars of voters implemented procedures designed to keep African Americans from registering to vote. The right to vote was the […]

Freedman’s Town of Aberdeen

Aberdeen was established prior to the Civil War in 1837. During slavery, there were several free blacks that lived in the community. Laws were then passed in Mississippi that would discourage free blacks from living in town before the Civil War. This caused many blacks to leave the town out of fear. However, for those […]

Freedom City

About twelve miles south of Greenville in Swiftwater, Mississippi, is where “Freedom City”was set up. This area consisted of twenty-one ready built houses constructed to house displaced African-Americans who were fired from farm jobs in three area counties. The 400 acre plot also had crops growing where the displaced people could work for wages. Sources: […]

Freemantown

The area of Oxford between North 7th Street and 5th Street extending south from Price to Jackson Avenue was originally called Freemantown. Oral tradition says that the area was sold to freed slaves after the Civil War and thus became known as Freemantown. By the turn of the century, small houses dotted the area, each […]

Grand Gulf Nuclear Power Plant Controversy

Grand Gulf Nuclear Power Plant Controversy (2003-2005): In 1985, the “Grand Gulf” energy plant was established in Port Gibson in Claiborne County. By October of 2003, Entergy, an energy corporation based in New Orleans, submitted a request to expand Grand Gulf into a nuclear facility.  Jaded by broken promises of an economic revival that was to […]

Highway 51

On June 5, 1966, James Meredith began his “March Against Fear” to protest racism. He began in Memphis, Tennessee, and planned to continue 220 miles to Jackson, Mississippi. At the twenty-sixth mile of the march on Highway 51, just south of Hernando, Aubrey Norvell stood in the roadside brush and fired three times at Meredith. […]

Highway 51

Meredith Mississippi March Against Fear came through Grenada via Highway 51 on June 15, 1966. A voter rally was held afterward in the town square. That night, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. gave a speech. About 1,300 people were registered to vote after the rally, but it is estimated that 700 of those people would […]

Holmes Courthouse

The Holmes County Courthouse was the sight of the first attempt to register to vote in Holmes County by fourteen farmers in April 1963. The farmers were turned down and as a result of their actions one of them had his house firebombed. Sources: Youth of the Rural Organizing and Cultural Center. Minds Stayed on […]

L.C. Eiland Middle School

Prior to integration, Louisville, Mississippi, had two high schools: Louisville High School and Louisville Colored High School. When both schools were integrated, Louisville High School retained its name. Louisville Colored High School was changed to L.C. Eiland Middle School and lost its history along with its name. L.C. Eiland was named for the principal of […]

Mound Bayou

Mound Bayou, Mississippi, was founded in 1887 by ex-slaves Isaiah Montgomery and Benjamin Green. Mound Bayou was one of the first all black settlements in the United States. Mound Bayou is important because it provided a place for blacks to live without fear of segregation or oppression. In Mound Bayou, blacks could be doctors, lawyers, […]

Myrtle Hall School

Myrtle Hall School was a black school during the segregation era that taught first through eighth grade. Still standing today. Sources: Payne, Charles M. I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: the Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle. Berkeley: University of California P, 1995. Henry, Aaron, and Curry Constance. Aaron Henry: the Fire Ever Burning. […]

Negro Masonic Lodge

This all-black Masonic Lodge in Forest, MS, was accused by the Sovereignty Commission of being a hub of NAACP activity. Historically, the Freemasons at large did not recognize black Masonic Lodges. Sources: Mississippi Sovereignty Commission, Mississippi Department of Archives & History

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