In 1833, Jasper County was formed from Jones and Wayne Counties. Its adjacent counties are Newton County (north), Clarke County (east), Wayne County (southeast), Jones County (south), and Smith County (west). It also consists of 4 cities/towns, which are Bay Springs, Heidelberg, Louin, and Montrose. Bay Springs and Paulding serves as Jasper’s county seats.
Jasper County was named after Sgt. William Jasper, who was an American Soldier in the Revolutionary War. He served as Sergeant in 2nd South Carolina Regiment in the defense of Fort Moultrie on June 28, 1776. Surprisingly, while in combat, a shell from a British warship hit and detached the flagstaff. Jasper recovered the flag, raised it on a temporary staff, and held it while under fire until a new staff was installed. Three years later, he participated in the Siege of Savannah in 1779 where he was killed.
Jasper County is the only county in the state hat has two old highways intersecting in it. The “Old Jackson Military Highway” from New Orleans to Nashville crosses the upper branch of the Federal Horse Path (Road) from Evergreen, Alabama, to Natchez about three miles north of Bay Springs. The Federal Road followed an older path, “Three Chopped Way,” from Savanah, Georgia to Natchez, Mississippi. It was one of the first mail routes and was the first road through Alabama. The name comes from making three slash marks on the trees to show the route to be cut. There were subsidiary branches of the Federal Road that stretched to Pensacola, Mobile, and New Orleans.
As a result of the census of 2000, the following numbers were approximated: there were 18,149 people, 6,708 households, and 4,957 families residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 46.47% White, 52.88% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, 0.41% from two or more races, and 0.64% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.