Warren – Places

Vicksburg and Port Gibson

During Reconstruction, federal troops served as occupation forces in Mississippi until 1877. During this period of time, many blacks ventured into Vicksburg to take advantage of their new freedom. Many joined the Union Army and others started their own businesses. Some even sought employment to help rebuild the parts of Vicksburg that were heavily damaged by the Civil War. Numerous others created churches, schools, banks, and took part in political affairs. The many freedoms of blacks were short-lived when white citizens regained control at the end of Reconstruction. Black citizens endured a long, arduous wait until their equality was established by law during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950-70’s.

Sources:

http://www.travelpod.com/travel-blog-entries/lroff/world_2006-2007/1145919060.html

First Baptist M.B. Church

Freedmen in Port Gibson founded this church in 1876. It was moved to the site that it rests on today in 1986. The church served an essential role in the Civil Rights Movement in Port Gibson. Starting in 1965, the NAACP held meetings at the church to encourage boycotts of local white merchants. The suffering white merchants filed suit over the successful boycotts, but in 1982 the U.S. Supreme Court defended the legality of the boycotts.

Sources:

“Historic Churches of Port Gibson”http://www.nostalgiaville.com/travel/Mississippi/natchez%20trace/port%20gibson/port%20gibson.htm