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Anderson United Methodist Church

This church was once pastored by the Rev. R. L. T. Smith. During the 1960s, the building was the Anderson […]

Armstrong III, Thomas Madison: Oral History

Thomas Armstrong participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. He says that one of Ross Barnett’s speeches encouraged him to […]

Bailey, Samuel

Sam Bailey was a leader of the Progressive Voters’ League as early as 1956. A strong supporter of the NAACP, […]

Bates, Mrs. Gladys Noel

Mrs. Gladys Noel Bates was an eighth grade science teacher at Smith Robertson School in 1948 when she filed a […]

Benjamin Brown Park

In 1995, the Jackson City Council named this park in honor of Benjamin Brown. On May 10, 1967, when two […]

Braun-Reinitz, Janet: Oral History

Mural artist Janet Braun-Reinitz participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. She speaks about her involvement in the New York […]

Bus Sit-In of 1961

At Lamar and Capitol Streets on April 20, 1961, three Jackson State students, George Washington, Doris Bracey, and Walter Jones, […]

COFO Office

This small commercial building once occupied by state Senator Henry J. Kirksy was the Mississippi headquarters for the 1964 Freedom […]

Campbell College

Today, Jackson State University encompasses the former Campbell College, founded in 1890 in Vicksburg, MS. The college moved to Jackson […]

Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter the Apostle and Chancery Office of Catholic Diocese

On the northwest corner of Amite Street and West Street is the Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter the Apostle, with […]

Cemetery, Elmwood

Mr. Aaron Henry, the long-time NAACP president (1921-1997) is buried here along with his wife, Mrs. Noelle Michael Henry. His […]

Central United Methodist Church

This church and its historically African American congregation were pioneers in the Jackson Civil Rights Movement, hosting an annual meeting […]

Citizen’s Council Office

On the southeast corner of Amite Street and Congress Street is the Plaza Building, where the white supremacist Citizens’ Council […]

City Jail and Municipal Court Building

The city jail and municipal court building were the sense of significant legal events related to the Jackson civil rights […]

Civil Rights Groups’ Offices

In 1954, the NAACP’s new Mississippi field secretary, Medgar Wiley Evers, opened his first office in this building, with his […]

Collins Funeral Home

In 1961, Mrs. Clarie Collins Harvey, owner of Collins Funeral Home, organized Woman Power Unlimited, along with other charter members […]

Davidov, Marv: Oral History

Marv Davidov participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. He describes the conditions at Parchman State Penitentiary. The video was […]

East 1960 Boycott

The Easter 1960 boycott of the downtown businesses on Capitol Street was the beginning of the most active phase of […]

Edward Lee Motel

Located in the 100 block of Church Street is the Edward Lee Hotel, one of two African American owned hotels […]

F.W. Woolworth Store

After demands for the desegregation of commercial businesses went unanswered, the NAACP decided to engage in direct action. On May […]

Farish Street Baptist Church

Led by Pastor S. Leon Whitney during the 1960s, the Farish Street Baptist congregation supported the movement and welcomed mass […]

Farish Street Neighborhood

For more than 100 years, this 125-acre spread has served as the unofficial center of black culture in Mississippi’s capital. […]

Filner, Robert: Oral History

United States Representative Robert Filner participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. He explains the conditions at the city jails, […]

First Baptist Church of Jackson

Medgar Evers led the first attempt to integrate First Baptist Church in 1963. It was not until 1973 that Rev. […]

Former Greyhound Bus Station

On May 28, 1961, nine Freedom Riders, who were taking part in protests throughout the South against segregation in interstate […]

Former Home of Jane Schutt

In December 1963, the Ku Klux Klan burned a cross in the yard of this home, which was then located […]

Former Morning Star Baptist Church

In 1961, a group of Freedom Riders, including a priest, were permitted to stay overnight at Morning Star, spreading their […]

Former New Jerusalem Baptist Church

This is the last church Medgar Evers visited before his assassination. Evers attended a celebration at the church that night […]

Former Pearl Street A.M.E. Church

The Pearl Street A.M.E. Church was one of twenty local churches where nightly meetings were held to support the boycott […]

Former Site of Trailways Busway Station

The first of two busloads of Freedom Riders – nine African American males, two African American females, and one white […]

Former YWCA

In the 1960s, this building was the Jackson headquarters for the YWCA. Though the national YWCA was a progressive institution, […]

Freedom Rides

In the summer of 1961, the Freedom Riders, a group of mostly young people, both black and white, risked their […]

Freedom Rides

Date of Event: May-November 1961 The Freedom Rides began in Washington DC on May 4, 1961, with thirteen Freedom Riders […]

Galloway United Methodist Church

In 1963, contrary to the policy of the national United Methodist Church, Galloway’s board voted to bar African Americans from […]

Gordon, Albert: Oral History

Born in Belgium, Albert Gordon moved to the United States at age seven. At twenty-seven years old, he participated in […]

Hall, Carsie; Young, Jack; and Brown, R. Jess

Carsie Hall, Jack Young, and R. Jess Brown were the only African American lawyers who were licensed to practice in […]

Hinds County Courthouse

In Hinds County court, attorney R. Jess Brown represented Freedom Riders, like Stokely Carmichael, Rita Carter, Catherine Burks, James L. […]

Hinds County Data Dashboard

Demographic data that helps add context to many historical events.

Illinois Central Railroad Union Station

The Illinois Central Railroad Union Station is where a group of Freedom Riders, including Stokely Carmichael, were arrested in 1961. […]

Jackson City Hall

Here at city hall, numerous ordinances were enacted over the decades to reinforce segregation in Jackson. One such ordinance, passed […]

Jackson Nonviolent Movement

In 1961 and 1962, the Jackson Nonviolent Movement (JNM) was an offshoot of SNCC. The group coordinated housing for the […]

James Eastland Federal Courthouse

Since Mississippi’s state and local governments and judicial system were generally supportive of segregation in the 1960s, civil rights activists […]

King Edward Hotel

Constructed in 1923, the now vacant King Edward Hotel served for many years as a hub of white political and […]

Kochtitzky, Robert

Robert B. Kochtitzky, a religious worker and civil rights sympathizer, had his house bombed on November 18, 1967. No one […]

Lafayette, Bernard: Oral History

Bernard Lafayette participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961.

Lanier High School

On May 30, 1963, students at Lanier High School participated in a walk out protesting Woolworth’s treatment of some students […]

Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law

Founded in 1963 at the request of President John F. Kennedy and often called the “President’s Committee,”the Lawyers’ Committee was […]

Lewis, John: Oral History

United States Representative John Lewis participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. He speaks about the importance of nonviolence and […]

Liberty House Cooperative

Originally located in the 600 block of North Farish Street, provided purchasing and marketing for 16 handcraft co-ops. In its […]

Logan, A.M.E.

Mrs. Logan housed and fed many civil rights workers and was a founding member of Woman Power Unlimited. As the […]

Lynch Street Shooting

On May 14, 1970, a protest among Jackson State students erupted on Lynch Street. Just ten days before, four students […]

McCoy Federal Building

Across Farish Street, on the southwest corner stands the McCoy Federal Building. In 1983, this building was named in honor […]

McDew, Charles “Chuck”: Oral History

Charles “Chuck” McDew participated in the civil rights movement in many parts of the American South, including Mississippi. He was […]

Medgar Evers Neighborhood Guild Community Center

In a structure developed by R.L.T. Smith, the Medgar Evers Neighborhood Guild Community Center was established by Ted Seaver, a […]

Medgar Evers’ Home

Medgar Evers and his wife, Myrlie, bought this home with a GI mortgage in 1957 on what was then Guynes […]

Millsaps College

In the 1950s, students from Millsaps College and Tougaloo College held meetings attended by Medgar Evers to discuss race relations. […]

Mississippi Free Press

The Mississippi Free Press, a four-page social and civil rights weekly newspaper, was written by Medgar Evers and John Salter, […]

Moody, John: Oral History

John Moody participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. He first describes the mob violence in Birmingham. Moody then speaks […]

Mulholland, Joan Trumpower: Oral History

Joan Trumpower Mulholland participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. She describes the conditions at the prison in comparison to […]

New Mt. Zion M.B. Church

The New Mt. Zion M.B. Church hosted a meeting of the Progressive Voter’s League on May 15, 1956. The pastor, […]

Nixon, Sandra: Oral History

Sandra Nixon participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. This video was filmed for the documentary The Children Shall Lead (link). […]

North State Street

North State Street was the route used by the “March Against Fear”participants, who went from Tougaloo College to downtown Jackson. […]

Nussbaum, Rabbi Perry

Rabbi Nussbaum’s home was bombed on November 21, 1967. He and his wife were home at the time but escaped […]

O’Neal-McCray, Helen: Oral History

Helen O’Neal-McCray participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. She describes the jail conditions for the Freedom Riders. The video […]

Old Capitol Museum

The Old Capitol Museum houses an exhibit providing an excellent overview of the Mississippi civil rights movement. Sources: “Civil Rights […]

Palmer, Hazel

Mrs. Hazel Palmer, and elementary school maid, was an activist for the Freedom Democratic Party. In 1965, she and her […]

Person, Charles: Oral History

Charles Person participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. He speaks about how the Freedom Riders tested the various facilities […]

Poor People’s Corporation

This location was the third of four sites of the Poor People’s Corporation, organized in 1965 in Mississippi by SNCC […]

Pratt Memorial United Methodist Church

Pratt Memorial was also one of Jackson’s twenty churches where nightly meetings were held to support the boycott of downtown […]

Republic of New Africa

The Republic of New Africa (RNA) was an African American nationalist organization that sought to secure lands in five southern […]

Rose Street

Several houses along this portion of Rose Street were rented to members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the […]

Shirley, Dr. Ollye

Dr. Ollye Shirley was an accomplished leader in public television, children’s programming and advocacy, civil rights activism, public education, community […]

Siegenthaler, John: Oral History

U.S. Attorney General’s Assistant John Siegenthaler observed the Freedom Rides in 1961. He speaks about the violence at Anniston, Alabama, […]

Singleton, Helen: Oral History

Helen Singleton participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. She explains that Freedom Riders received education about nonviolence and describes […]

Singleton, Robert: Oral History

Robert Singleton participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. He describes being arrested in Jackson and the conditions in the […]

Smith Park

Across from the Plaza Building where the Citizen’s Council Offices were located is Smith Park, which was segregated through most […]

Smith Robertson Museum

Named for successful barber Smith Robertson, Jackson’s first African American alderman, this 1894 structure was renovated in the late 1920s […]

Smith, Rev. R.L.T.

Rev. R.L.T. Smith has been dubbed “the minister of the Jackson civil rights movement.”He pastured several churches during the 1960s, […]

Southern Christian Institute

Located in Edwards, MS, Southern Christian Institute was a private boarding school for black students during the Jim Crow era, […]

St. Andrew’s Episcopal Cathedral

St. Andrew’s maintained an interracial “open door”policy during the 1960s under the leadership of Bishop Duncan M. Gray, Sr., Reverend […]

St. Mark’s Episcopal Church

At the corner of Pearl Street and Poindexter Street is St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, an African American church associated with […]

State Capitol Building

In the New Capitol building, completed in 1903, the Mississippi legislature institutionalized “Jim Crow”practices. For example, the legislature passed two […]

State Fairgrounds

For decades leading up to the 1960s, the state of Mississippi had staged two annual state fairs – one for […]

Statue of Medgar Evers

Mrs. Mirtes Gregory, Andrew Lee, E.J. Ivory, and others led the Medgar Evers Statue Fund committee to raise $60,000 to […]

Steven’s Kitchen

From the late 1950s through the 1960s, the upscale restaurant at this location was the meeting place for local professionals […]

Summers Hotel

Located within the 600 block of West Pearl Street is the Summers Hotel, one of two African American hotels where […]

The Alamo Theater

Opened in 1942, the Alamo Theater was a centerpiece of the African-American business community on Farish Street in Jackson, MS. […]

The Clarion-Ledger

The Clarion-Ledger is Jackson’s daily morning newspaper and the most widely circulated newspaper in Mississippi. For decades, the Clarion-Ledger and […]

The Tougaloo Nine

In 1961, nine African American students who were members of the Tougaloo NAACP Youth Council participated in Mississippi’s first civil […]

The White Citizens’ Council

        The White Citizens’ Council was for a time the largest and most influential white supremacist organization in Mississippi, deeply […]

Tougaloo Child Development of Mississippi

Formerly located on this site was a house owned by Mrs. Annie Smith. Mrs. Smith was instrumental in founding the […]

Tougaloo College

Tougaloo College was founded in 1869 by the American Missionary Association on land formerly occupied by an antebellum cotton plantation […]

University of Mississippi Medical Center

UMMC is where Medgar Evers, Benjamin Brown, Phillip Gibbs, and Earl Green died. Sources: “Civil Rights Driving Tour of Hinds […]

Virden Grove Baptist Church

Virden Grove is one of several churches in this community that were active in the Jackson civil rights movement and […]

WLBT Television

On April 15, 1965, the Office of Communication of the United Church of Christ petitioned the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) […]

Winter, Gov. William F.

Born in 1923 in Grenada, Mississippi, William F. Winter served in the armed forces in World War II and the […]

Young, Jack

Jack Young was a self-taught civil rights attorney. Young lived in Jackson with his wife, Aurelia, and their two children. […]