Carnegie, Alma Mitchell

Alma Mitchell Carnegie was a spirited 66 year-old from Mileston. In 1963, she and her 76 year-old husband Charlie were the oldest of the “First 14″to register to vote. For decades she’d participated in civil rights movement meetings around Mississippi, […]

Churches of Holmes

Holmes County churches did not play a significant role in the Holmes County Movement at first. On the national level, churches often provided leadership, an organized following, a financial base, communication networks, meeting places, and an ideological framework. However, in […]

Holmes Courthouse

The Holmes County Courthouse was the sight of the first attempt to register to vote in Holmes County by fourteen farmers in April 1963. The farmers were turned down and as a result of their actions one of them had […]

Holmes Significant Events Timeline

March 1963- Mileston farmers invited SNCC to begin work in Holmes County. April 1963- Fourteen Mileston residents attempted to register to vote at the courthouse. May 1963- Harman Turnbow’s home was shot into and firebombed. He and four others were […]

Johnson, Bernice Montgomery

Mrs. Bernice Montgomery Johnson was called the teacher of the movement. She was the only schoolteacher from Holmes County who was involved with the movement. She started out by opening her home to civil rights workers. She encouraged people to […]

McLaurin, Griffin

Political organizer who assisted Robert Clark in his run for the State Legislature in Holmes County. Elected Constable of Beat Four in Covington County. He then had to work under Sheriff Calvin Moore, the same man that refused to allow […]

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party of Holmes

Inspired by Ella Baker and Bob Moses, Holmes County sought to develop an organization owned by local people that could seek long-term, sustained change. The creation of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party by COFO in Jackson provided such an organization. […]

Mitchell, Ozell

Ozell Mitchell, an independent farmer at Mileston, was 58 in 1962, when he and friend Ben Square drove the 30 miles to Greenwood where SNCC was holding Freedom Meetings. Bravely, they invited the young SNCC organizers to set up a […]

Russell, Rev. J.J. and Russell, Erma

Reverend J.J. and Mrs. Erma Russell were considered to be at the forefront of the movement in Holmes County. They were two of the first fourteen to attempt to register to vote at the Courthouse in Mileston. They held meetings […]

SNCC of Holmes County

The SNCC was first invited into Holmes County in 1963. They immediately sent organizer John Ball to Mileston. Ball taught twenty Mileston farmers about voter registration. He taught them about the twenty-one question form, the ability to read and write, […]

Turnbow, Hartman

Hartman Turnbow, along with Amzie Moore, first invited SNCC to send organizers into Mississippi to fight for voting rights. Turnbow was a farmer and fiery orator, and his words and acts inspired many all over Holmes County during the first […]