Beam, Sally: Oral History

Sally Beam was a juror on the Grand Jury case against Edgar Ray Killen, the man responsible for the murders […]

Bender, Rita Schwerner

Rita Schwerner Bender was born in 1942 and is considered a key player and civil rights activist during the Freedom […]

Bogue Chitto Swamp

The burned 1963 blue Ford station wagon driven by the three missing civil rights workers (Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner) was […]

Booker T. Washington School

The first school for black children in the city of Philadelphia was held in the Black Masonic Lodge just off […]

COFO of Neshoba County

The COFO office was located on Carver Avenue. COFO was a coordinating body for civil rights movement efforts in Mississippi […]

Carver Avenue

Carver Avenue was named after George Washington Carver, a prominent African-American. It is the “main street”of the predominantly African-American community […]

Chaney, James

James Chaney (1943-1964) was an activist during the Civil Rights Movement, fighting for voting rights for African Americans. He joined […]

Charles Evers Funeral Home

In the 1950s, this building housed a funeral home operated by Charles Evers, brother of Medgar Evers, who urged blacks […]

Cole, J.R. (Bud)

Mr. Cole was one of several Mt. Zion United Methodist Church members who was beaten by the Klansmen on the […]

Cole, James (Jim)

Jim Cole was Sunday school teacher and steward at Mt. Zion United Methodist Church and the brother of the J.R. […]

Coleman, Chief Kenneth

Mr. Coleman was born in Neshoba County and attended Booker T. Washington Elementary. He is a graduate of Philadelphia High […]

Coles and Jones Cleaners

Calloway Cole owned the building located on Beacon Street which was the first black dry cleaners in downtown Philadelphia. Curtis […]

Collier, Reverend Clinton

Reverend Clinton Collier, a dynamic Methodist Minister from the Laurel Hill Community, was deeply involved in the civil rights movement […]

Cox, Nettie Ann: Oral History

Nettie Ann Cox was raised in Neshoba County, Mississippi, by a single mother. Cox vividly remembers the events of the […]

DeWeese Lumber Company

The DeWeese Sawmill and Mercantile Store, owned by A. B. DeWeese, came to Philadelphia with the railroad in 1905. DeWeese […]

Dearman, Stanley: Oral History

Stanley Dearman was born in raised in Lauderdale County Mississippi. He joined the navy after community college then returned to […]

Deemer Lumber Company

At Deemer Lumber Company, the work force was evenly divided between blacks and whites. Because of working side by side, […]

Freedom Schools in Neshoba County

As part of Freedom Summer, COFO helped create “Freedom Schools”in communities across the state. Freedom Schools were designed to provide […]

George Washington Carver – Hopewell

The school was located on County Road 553. In 1928, the black farmers in the Hopewell Community decided to build […]

Goodman, Andrew

Andrew Goodman (1943-1964) was a participant in the Freedom Summer movement of 1964.  He originally got his start in the […]

Head Start Schools of Neshoba County

Head Start is a pre-school program for disadvantaged children that grew out of the civil rights movement. It was funded […]

Henry Latimer’s Grocery

Mr. Henry Latimer was the first black person to own and operate a grocery store and service station, pictured below, […]

Jackson, Luther

On Oct. 30, 1959, Luther Jackson was murdered by then Philadelphia, Mississippi policeman Lawrence Rainey. Rainey was not prosecuted. He […]

Jones, Lillie

The Jones House was located at 241 Carver Avenue. Lillie “Aunt Lil”Jones encouraged the civil rights movement from her front […]

Kirkland, Earnest

Earnest Kirkland was born May 10, 1934. Mr. Kirkland was one of the last people to see the three civil […]

Kotz, David: Oral History

David Kotz was a volunteer working for COFO (Council of Federated Organizations) during the summer of 1964. After twelve hours […]

Lee, Reverend Clay F.: Oral History

Laurel, MS native Reverend Clay F. Lee discusses his introduction and rise into religion and clergymen of Mississippi. Upon the […]

Longdale High School

Longdale High School, located near Mt. Zion United Methodist Church, was built in 1948. The people of Mt. Zion and […]

Mars, Florence

Florence Mars (1923-2006) was a native Mississippian who spent much of her life in Neshoba County. She graduated from the […]

Matthews, Carolyn: Oral History

Carolyn Matthews was born in 1946 in Philadelphia, MS, which she describes as a normal, quiet, small town.  Her father […]

McLelland’s Cafe

Mrs. Mamie McClelland established McClelland’s Cafe, located at 245 Carver Avenue, in the early 40’s. The business operated for a […]

Miller, T.J.

T.J. Miller was one of the ten people gathered at Mt. Zion Baptist Church for a finance meeting on June […]

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

Trust land was designated for use by the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians in 1939, and their Constitution and By-Laws […]

Molpus Lumber Company

Richard H. Molpus started the Molpus Lumber Company in 1905. Richard Henderson Molpus operated the company until it was sold […]

Moore’s Cafe

In the summer of 1969, Mr. Lawrence Payne built Moore’s Cafe. It was originally built as a florist shop and […]

Mt. Nebo Missionary Baptist Church

Mt. Nebo Missionary Baptist Church is located at 257 Carver Avenue. When the civil rights workers first come to Philadelphia, […]

Mt. Zion United Methodist Church

Mt. Zion United Methodist Church is located off Highway 16 East on County Road 747. On June 16, 1964, a […]

Nanih Waiya Indian Mennonite Church

Nanih Waiya Indian Mennonite Church was a congregation of Choctaw Mennonites in Neshoba County that suffered three bombings between September […]

Neshoba Central High

The school is located at 1125 Golf Course Road, south of Highway 16 East. Neshoba Central School was built in […]

Neshoba County Data Dashboard

Demographic data that helps add context to many historical events.

Neshoba County Jail

In 1964, the Neshoba County Jail was located at 422 Myrtle Street. This is where the three civil rights workers […]

Nichols, Ajatha: Oral History

Ajatha Nichols grew up in a family of four in Philadelphia, Mississippi. Throughout her education she experienced integration, the murders […]

Philadelphia High School

Philadelphia High School was an all-white school until Ajatha Morris Nichols, Carrie Lee Hoskins, and Irma Carter integrated it under […]

Road 515 or “Rock Cut Road”

The murder site of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner is located off Highway 19 South at the intersection of County Roads […]

Rush, Georgia and her son Rush Jr., John Thomas

Georgia Rush and her family were members of Mt. Zion United Methodist church. Mrs. Rush and her son, J.T., attended […]

Stallo Community

The Stallo Community is located in the northern part of Neshoba County. In the 1960s, concerned citizens in their community […]

Steele, Cornelius

On June 16, 1964, Cornelius Steele, with his wife Mable and their two children, were four of the ten people […]

Talley, Pete

Mr. Talley was the NAACP President in 1989 when the Neshoba County Board of Supervisors redistricted Neshoba County, making District […]

Tention, Helen: Oral History

Helen Tention, a teacher and a mother during the Civil Rights Movement, remembers well the impact that segregation and the […]

The Busy Bee Cafe

The Busy Bee Cafe and Barber Shop, located at 414 Church Avenue and owned by Mr. & Mrs. Millard Kirkland, […]

The Murder of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner

On June 21, 1964, three young civil rights workers were murdered in Neshoba County. The trio had come here to […]

The Philadelphia Coalition

The Philadelphia Coalition is a multiracial group of concerned local citizens that was formed around a call for justice in […]

Tisdale, Eva M.: Oral History

Eva M. Tisdale is a native of Clarke County. She moved to Philadelphia in 1965 to work in the COFO […]

Wells, Thelma Moore: Oral History

Thelma Moore Wells grew up in the rural area of Neshoba County, twelve miles north of Philadelphia, Mississippi. She was […]

Young, James

Born and raised in Neshoba County, James Young was the only black sixth grader at Neshoba Central Elementary School in […]

Young, James: Oral History

James Young grew up in rural Neshoba County where he and his family lived off the land. He and several […]