Marshall County

After the Civil War, a majority of Marshall County’s voters were black, so one African-American state senator and three state representatives were elected. However, due to voting fraud and intimidation, those seats were lost at the next election.


Lynch, John Roy. Facts of Reconstruction. Neale publishing: 1913.

David M. Callejo-Perez. Southern Hospitality: Identity, Schools, and the Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi, 1964-1972. New York: Peter Lang, 2001.

McMurry, Linda. To Keep the Waters Troubled. Oxford Press: 1998.

Campbell, Claire T. Civil Rights Chronicle: Letters From the South. 264 pp. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.

Levine, Ellen. Freedom’s Children: Young Civil Rights Activists Tell Their Own Stories. Penguin Putnam: 2000.