Simpson County lies in the southern half of Mississippi. Mendenhall, now the county seat, is thirty-one miles southeast of Jackson and 125 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico. The county covers 567 square miles and averages thirty-one miles east to west and eighteen miles north to south.
In 1824 Simpson County officially came into being, seven years after statehood. The population was 2,329 whites and 829 slaves. The 1860 Federal Census records the population was 6,080. Although the Civil War slowed this rapid growth, population growth has been steady through the years.
Simpson County was named for Josiah Simpson, a former Pennsylvania-educated at Princeton. He later lived at Green Hill, near Natchez, and become a territorial judge of Mississippi. Simpson also served as a member of the Constitutional Convention.
In 1853, the Strong River Baptist Association was formed and eight of the seventeen charter churches were in Simpson County. There were 586 white members and 104 black members. In the White Baptist Association Bulletin of 1973 there were listed forty-three white Baptist churches with 10,385 members. There are twenty-six black Baptist churches.
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