Singleton, Helen: Oral History

Helen Singleton participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. She explains that Freedom Riders received education about nonviolence and describes one of her experiences on the bus. The video excerpts come from the documentary The Children Shall Lead (link).


Helen Singleton from Winter Institute on Vimeo.


Her oral history may also be viewed here.

Interview Data: 

Name of Interviewee: Helen Singleton

Date: November 8, 2001

Place of Interview: Jackson, MS


Time                         Topics/Names/Events Discussed
0:00-2:00 Summer, 1961; Los Angeles; UCLA; Santa Monica City College
2:00-4:00 Philadelphia; family history of experiencing segregation; Virginia
4:00-6:00 1954 Brown vs. Board decision; sit-ins
6:00-8:00 UCLA NAACP; CORE; New Orleans
8:00-10:00 Disturbing the peace charges; Jackson jails; Parchman Penitentiary
10:00-12:00 Parchman; New Orleans
12:00-14:00 Jackson; FBI; arrest; Captain Ray
14:00-16:00 Jackson City Jail; processing
16:00-18:00 Jackson City Jail experience
18:00-20:00 Hinds County Jail; hearing; jail conditions
20:00-22:00 Parchman
22:00-24:00 Parchman experience
24:00-26:00 Parchman experience; Rabbi visits
26:00-28:00 Parchman food
28:00-30:00 Food; Rowena Taylor; Parchman experience
30:00-32:00 Parchman cell; psychological effect
32:00-34:00 Release; abscessed tooth; Atlanta; Philadelphia; Virginia
34:00-36:00 Santa Monica City College; return home
36:00-38:00 Consciousness raising
38:00-40:00 Freedom song, “We Shall Overcome”