Mulholland, Joan Trumpower: Oral History

Joan Trumpower Mulholland participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961. She describes the conditions at the prison in comparison to the jail. The video was filmed for the documentary The Children Shall Lead (link).


Joan Trumpower Mulholland from Winter Institute on Vimeo.


Her oral history may also be viewed here.

Interview Data

Name of Interviewee: Joan Mulholland

Name of Interviewer: April

Date: November 10, 2001

Place of Interview: Jackson, MS



Time                         Topics/Names/Events Discussed
0:00-2:00 Washington, D.C.; Arlington, VA; Georgia; English as a Second Language teacher; family background
2:00-4:00 Family tensions; Duke University; NCC; D.C. NAG
4:00-6:00 John Moody, Paul Deitrich; Freedom Ride to Montgomery; Howard University; orientation in New Orleans; train to Jackson; arrest
6:00-8:00 Served 2 months in jail; Tougaloo; Parchman Penitentiary and conditions
8:00-10:00 Parchman conditions, experiences; active in movement from 1960-64
10:00-12:00 Arrest around June 8, 1961; left Parchman late August or early September, 1961; Freedom House on Rose Street, Jackson, MS, rented by SNCC; Tougaloo
12:00-14:00 Tougaloo; Freedom Summer
14:00-16:00 Kneel-ins; family reaction to involvement
16:00-18:00 Continued family reaction to involvement
18:00-20:00 Impact of involvement on personal life
20:00-22:00 Impact of involvement on personal life
22:00-24:00 September 11, 2001 experience