Charles Evers, the older brother of the civil rights martyr Medgar Evers, was elected Mayor of Fayette, Mississippi, in 1969 in Jefferson County, making him the first African-American mayor in Mississippi since Reconstruction. By 1969, most of Fayette’s voters were black and were not precluded from registering due to literacy tests and locally appointed registrars. At the time, Fayette had no industry, which meant it had almost no residents who had grown up outside the area. Evers’s swearing-in as mayor had enormous symbolic significance statewide and national resonance. The NAACP named Evers their 1969 Man of the Year. Evers served as mayor of Fayette from 1969 to 1981 and again from 1985 to 1989.