Campbell College

Today, Jackson State University encompasses the former Campbell College, founded in 1890 in Vicksburg, MS. The college moved to Jackson in 1898 and was supported by the African Methodist Episcopal Church until the time of its last graduating class in […]

Canton Multicultural Center and Museum

The Canton Multicultural Center & Museum is a celebration of the diverse cultures and contributions of the citizens of Canton and Madison County to the history of the city, state, and nation. The permanent exhibit focuses on the history, family […]

Carver Avenue

Carver Avenue was named after George Washington Carver, a prominent African-American. It is the “main street”of the predominantly African-American community in Philadelphia. Most black businesses were located on Carver Avenue during the civil rights movement and remain there today. Sources: […]

Carver High School

The “Colored School”was opened in 1890. In 1904, Scranton and Pascagoula merged into the city of Pascagoula, and the two-roomed “Colored School”was opened. The school was located between Skip and Tucker Streets. The home was moved from its original location […]

Carver High School

Carver High School was the high school for African Americans. The first year the Tupelo schools were integrated the city placed all the tenth graders, black and white, at Carver. Harry Grayson, who was the principal for the African American […]

Catfish Alley

In the late 19th and early 20th century Catfish Alley was the nexus of black commercial life in Columbus. Though historians are uncertain of how the block-long strip got its name, theories include the tendency of African-American commercial fishermen to […]

Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter the Apostle and Chancery Office of Catholic Diocese

On the northwest corner of Amite Street and West Street is the Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter the Apostle, with its mosaic of interracial children over the door. Throughout the 1960s, St. Peter’s and other Catholic churches in Jackson admitted […]

Central United Methodist Church

This church and its historically African American congregation were pioneers in the Jackson Civil Rights Movement, hosting an annual meeting of the Mississippi Negro Democrats Association as early as 1951. Central United Methodist was one of twenty local churches that […]

Charles Evers Funeral Home

In the 1950s, this building housed a funeral home operated by Charles Evers, brother of Medgar Evers, who urged blacks to register to vote. He also ran a taxi company and hotel. The hotel was located next to the COFO […]

Chat and Chew Cafe

Federal voter registrars opened an office here to register black voters. Voter rallies were held outside of the cafe. During the first one, police attacked the crowd with tear gas and clubs. The building is still on Union Street, but […]

Churches of Holmes

Holmes County churches did not play a significant role in the Holmes County Movement at first. On the national level, churches often provided leadership, an organized following, a financial base, communication networks, meeting places, and an ideological framework. However, in […]

Citizen’s Council Office

On the southeast corner of Amite Street and Congress Street is the Plaza Building, where the white supremacist Citizens’ Council had its office and published its newsletter, The Citizen, for several years. Sources: “Civil Rights Driving Tour of Hinds County”produced […]

City Jail and Municipal Court Building

The city jail and municipal court building were the sense of significant legal events related to the Jackson civil rights movement. The Tougaloo Nine were incarcerated in the city jail on March 27, 1961, and held for thirty-two hours after […]

Civil Rights Groups’ Offices

In 1954, the NAACP’s new Mississippi field secretary, Medgar Wiley Evers, opened his first office in this building, with his wife, Myrtle, serving as his secretary. The NAACP Legal Defense Fund was also located here. Within a year, Evers moved […]

Coles and Jones Cleaners

Calloway Cole owned the building located on Beacon Street which was the first black dry cleaners in downtown Philadelphia. Curtis “Threefoot”Cole, Calloway Cole’s brother, operated the dry cleaners. Mr. Calloway Cole also owned the building that housed the former COFO […]

Collins Funeral Home

In 1961, Mrs. Clarie Collins Harvey, owner of Collins Funeral Home, organized Woman Power Unlimited, along with other charter members Dr. Jessie Mosley and Mrs. A.M.E. Logan. Woman Power ministered to the needs of Freedom Riders, sending food, clothes, linens, […]

Concord Baptist Church

The Concord Baptist Church in Forest, MS was reported by the Sovereignty Commission as being a hub of NAACP activity in the area. In 1963 the church was divided between those who followed Reverend J.F. Moore and those who followed […]

Concord CME Church

African-American church established in Lowndes County following the Civil War in 1867. The congregation met beneath a large tree prior to building in 1908. Sources: African American Heritage Driving Tour of Lowndes County

Corinth Contraband Camp

After the Union took control of Corinth in 1962, the town became a haven for thousands of runaway slaves who sought freedom and protection. Union General Grenville Dodge enlisted the escaped slaves as teamsters, cooks, laborers, and armed security guards, which […]


As part of the open city campaign, protest marches were conducted, ending at the town square. During the first march on July 9th, forty-three people were arrested in violation of a parade ordinance. The parade ordinance was declared unconstitutional by […]